What is the difference between counselling and psychotherapy?

It is not possible to make a generally accepted distinction between counselling and psychotherapy. There are well-founded traditions, which use the terms interchangeably, and others that distinguish between them. If there are differences, then they relate more to the individual psychotherapist's or counsellor's training and interests and to the setting in which they work, rather than to any intrinsic difference in the two activities. I use the terms counselling and counsellor because I believe they are more reflective of a relationship grounded in equality. Therapy, by definition, assumes there is a psychological disorder, something wrong with the patient. Rather, I believe the client and counsellor are two equals, and that seeking to improve oneself or one’s relationships with others is a sign of health and not of sickness.

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